Aguaje is a bittersweet fruit of Amazonian origin with an important nutritional value. It grows on palm trees, which are the most abundant in South America. In Peru, it is grown in Loreto, Ucayali, Huánuco and San Martín. Its scientific name is Mauritia flexuosa L .; and it was the first Amazon palm tree described by science, in 1781. In Brazil it is known as buriti and in Colombia and Venezuela as moriché.
The aguaje has female and male plants. The first is the one that produces the fruit, but needs the second to be pollinated. In its adult stage, it can reach up to 35 meters in height and 50 centimeters in diameter.
It has a vital role in the chain of tropical jungle forests, as it is important to feed animals such as the sajino, sachavaca, mono, majaz; as well as species of birds and fish.
The aguaje has a high content of vitamin A (beta-carotene), even higher than that of carrots and spinach. It thus has antibiotic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory functions; in addition to helping eye health and maintaining healthy skin.
This Amazonian fruit also contains a high presence of vitamin C, which helps in the absorption of iron and calcium.
The aguaje contains phytoestrogens (plant compounds), which, according to studies carried out, have effects on human health; one of them is the anticancer effect, whose greater protective scope would be against breast, colon and prostate tumors.
Likewise, the consumption of phytoestrogen reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases, which affect the heart and blood vessels.
Another of the great benefits of phytoestrogen is the reduction of the effects of menopause. Research has shown that women who eat foods rich in this compound have late menopause and fewer disorders. It also helps balance hormonal levels.